Securing Low Runout in Your Collet-style Tool Holders
When high accuracy, long tool life or high-speed capabilities are important, collet chucks are often the holder of choice. Its collar-like gripping, usually manufactured from an elastic material such as spring steel, is tightened by way of a collet nut. This allows for more points of contact for the tool when compared to other chucks.
They also are versatile because the number of segmentations on a collet can vary. More segments mean greater flexibility and a larger gripping range, at the cost of some of the concentricity and stability of more rigid collets. Collets are most useful in repetitive work where clamping requirement does not vary significantly.
That said, collet chucks are not immune to runout, or the cumulative inaccuracy of a rotating tool. Runout is inherent within any system and cannot be compensated. Lower runout means even wear and a longer tool life, as well as a better finish.
Here’s more of what you need to know about runout in collet chucks:
Tool size does have an impact
The length-to-diameter ratio and mass are going to affect force as it spins. But it’s also important to note that two different sized tools cutting with the same amount of runout can result in very different outcomes. The larger the tool, the more resistant it is to runout.
The correct nut matters
A collet nut with ball bearings over a tradition solid nut also offers better control of your operation. As a solid nut is tightened, torque forces will twist the collet when adding the last few degrees of a wrench pull. A bearing nut, although more expensive, provides smooth clamping with low torsion force on the collet. This allows for enhanced gripping force, better runout control and less collet wear for longer collet life.
Don’t overlook pullstuds
Often viewed as cheap and replaceable, pullstuds shouldn’t be overlooked when it comes to runout. A pullstud screwed into a tool holder that does not align to the same centerline as the taper and/or retention system will impart lateral forces against the system. These studs should be made of strong metals and fit precise to resist deformation and locate accurately.
Understand gripping range
Collets are also generally better suited to very small tooling when compared to jaw-style chucks. When choosing a collet with the correct gripping range, it is important to remember that all collets collapse onto the chosen tooling—they are not designed to expand. If a size is written on the collet itself, this is usually the maximum tooling diameter which can be accommodated.
How we design and machine our holders to reduce runout
- Precision materials – Material, production, heat treatment... everything is selected for precision, including our pullstuds are built with through-hardened H13 premium tool steel and all features are precision ground.
- High concentricity – each of our collet is inspected for 100 percent concentricity. This guarantees runout within .00004" at the nose.
- Slim design options, a variety of interfaces reducing the need for extensions to help avoid interference, which is ideal for small mold making or other cutting that requires a combination of speed and high-precision capability.
- Specialized nuts are available for a more efficient coolant supply and protection of small holder components that can cause runout and other issues.
- By increasing the contact length of the internal taper of chuck bodies, the undesired overhang of the collet is reduced. This modification of the standard improves rigidity and clamping in addition to runout accuracy.
- A shallower taper of the collet and thick-body design improves concentricity in order reduce chatter and deflection for better surface finishes and longer cutting tool life.
To learn more about our wide offering of collet chucks and these highly effective collet features and others, click here.
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